Which hymns and other songs qualify as public domain is based on current copyright law in each country. Copyright laws are sometimes extended or changed, so it’s important to know the current law governing public domain in your country.
In theUnited States, no hymns entered the public domain for 20 years after 1998 because of an extension to the existing copyright law. On Jan. 1, 2019, all songs composed in 1923 and before (not later arrangements) became public domain. On Jan 1, 2020, songs composed in 1924 became public domain. Each year additional songs will enter the public domain unless the law is again changed or extended.
Each hymn has three parts that can be copyrighted – the tune, text (lyrics), and arrangement. Each one of these parts may have different copyright dates.
Every hymn in official United Methodist hymnals and other song books includes composer, arranger and copyright information at the bottom of the hymn. A complete list of copyright acknowledgments also begins on p. 906 of the United Methodist Hymnal.
Songs with all three parts - tune, text, and arrangement - dated prior to 1925 are in the public domain. Any part of any song (text, tune, arrangement) dated 1925 or after, or subsequently renewed, is under copyright and requires the appropriate licenses or permissions for use.
Here are a few examples of attributions on well-known hymns in The United Methodist Hymnal:
- It Is Well with My Soul (UMH 377)
WORDS: Horatio G. Spafford, 1873
MUSIC:Philip P. Bliss, 1876
- The Old Rugged Cross (UMH 504)
WORDS: George Bernard, 1913
MUSIC: George Bernard, 1913
- He Lives (UMH 310)
WORDS: Alfred H. Ackley, 1933
MUSIC:Alfred H. Ackley, 1933
© 1933 The Rodeheaver Co.
- Morning Has Broken (UMH 145)
WORDS: Eleanor Farjeon, 1931 (Lam. 3:22-23)
MUSIC:Trad. Gaelic melody; harm. by Carlton R. Young, 1988
Words by permission of David Higham Associates, Ltd.; harm. © 1989 The United Methodist Publishing House
Local Church Learning Session: Copyrights + Licenses
The Piano Accompaniment Recordings offered by Discipleship Ministries is a good resource for public domain tunes from the UM Hymnal and The Faith We Sing. More accompaniments may be added to include new tunes that have come into the public domain in 2019 and 2020.
Hymns by Year of Composition or Copyright (from 1779 to 2000)
This content was produced by Ask The UMC, a ministry of United Methodist Communications. and originally published April 6, 2020, at www.UMC.org. Read more Ask the UMC.